20 facts about female circumcision

20 facts about female circumcision

20 facts about female circumcision

Do people, men and women circumcise their daughters? The answer to this question is not as clear as it seems. It is enough to say that it is not just religion. We provide you about 20 facts about female circumcision (ZHO).

1. WHO identifies 4 types of injuries associated with female genital organs, ranking them according to the quantity of violence against the removed material and one woman. Type I — The clitoris are removed [with or without hood]; Type II — Internal lipes are removed [in such variations, external lips and / or clitoris can also be removed]; Type III (inflection) — The outer parts of the female genitalia are removed, and the wound is allowed to heal for several weeks, during which the girl binds her legs and lies. Consequently, there is only a small opening for urination and menstruation instead of external genital organs; Type iv — Any other processes which have no medical purpose, such as: contraction of the clitoris, curvature and piercing of genital organs, the introduction of special substances to contract the vagina, the spread of the labia.

2. Female circumcision — It is painful and potentially dangerous. After this urine may be a problem, because the urinary tract can be affected during the process of circumcision..

3. After ZHO, if you do not take action then you can die of deficiency of blood. Such cases are not so rare, but they are often not fixed, as parents believe that it was bad souls that took away the child (if it happens in Africa). But in a rare case when parents took the child to the hospital: On July 20, 2018, a 10-year-old girl, Dick Dehor Noor, died in Somalia, after a woman’s circumcision died of lack of blood.

4. After transition, a woman may have fertility problems. After cutting, scarf and subsequent treatment, the birth canal is made narrow and less elastic. These women are still more likely to have children..

5. Infection — Frequent fellow spouse: The latter is often done by a professional doctor, but not by a special woman such as a healer or a magician, by the methods of artisan. As a result, medical devices are not used, but scissors, dangerous razors, broken glass or tin can be covered. When they are used on many «The patients», It contributes to transmission of infection. Although the study of the treatment of female circumcision in Africa (the trend of professional medical experts to process the clinic), UNICEF In 2016, it was found that Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia, New Guinea, Sudan and Egypt, Kittoridectomy and other forms of circumcision are performed rapidly by medical personnel..

6. Poor women are more likely to suffer from depression and PTSD..

7. Meta-analysis of 15 studies, covering 12,671 women in 2013, shows that such women are likely to report twice that they do not feel sexually attracted, and during sexual intercourse 52% More painful sensations experience.

8. With the type of circumcision III (infiltration, entrance of the vagina is overthrown), often for the first sexual penetration, the man has to either be forced to tear the tissue raised with his penis, or To help you have to resort to. «a specialist», Who bites them with a special knife.

9. Scientists believe that the citizens had started doing during the Maroit Civilization (800)—350 years BC Although historians and explorers of the ancient Egyptian grave texts of Mary Knight suggest that down the 1991 hieroglyphs—1786. BC can indicate that there is an uncontrolled girl in the grave.

Hieroglyphs that can represent an unsafe girl.

10. The first mention of female circumcision is found in the notes of Greek geographer Strabo, which describes the visit of almost Egypt in the year 25 BC. In their encyclopedia «Geographica» He writes: «One of the most viewed rituals among the Egyptians is the most enthusiastic, next. After a child is born, if it is a boy, then they circumcise it, and if it is a girl, then the clit is cut off».

11. In the 19th century, girls were given Clitoridectomy by Victorian England. We know it from the book of Isaac Baker Brown. His work was published in March 1866. «Regarding the curvature of certain types of dementia, epilepsy, cataplite and hysteria.». In this, Brown suggested that all women referred to in the title can be cured by removing the clitoris.. «All people without any prejudice should adopt such a practice.», — He has written in his book. Where did he get it? They saw epileptic patients and saw that they all masturbate. Thus, he came to the conclusion that these two events are related.

12. British colonial administration began to oppose women’s circumcision. Protestant missionaries in East Africa (now the area of ​​Kenya) started a campaign against Zoe at the beginning of the 20th century. — Among the people of Kiku Those who refused to practice were considered more faithful wards.

13. Words «infibulation», By referring to an operation, resulting in the possibility of intercourse, the Latin word comes from the fibula (brooch, brooch). And basically it was about men’s technique prevailed in ancient Rome — They used to pin themselves with a special fastener, a brooch (ancient Greek analog was called kinosom) — With different goals: it can contribute to restraint, besides — Athletes and singers often performed naked, and the performance of the open head of the pen was considered inauspicious. Then the word «infibulation» Found another meaning — Stitching of vagina in women (or spraying for the purpose of subsequent hypertrophy).

14. On December 21, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly took a resolution from all countries to prohibit women’s circumcision, this is an irreparable loss. The resolution does not define any legal obligations, but asks the United Nations 193 countries to take all necessary measures, including adopting laws that restrict women’s circumcision and protecting women and children from violence..

15. Sweden was the first country to ban women’s circumcision. — In 1982.

16. Despite the fact that according to 2016, clitoredectomy is prohibited in many countries UNICEF, 200 million women were circumcised in the world. They were mainly originated from African countries, Indonesia, Iraqi Kurdistan and Yemen, as well as immigrant communities of conditional countries. «West».

17. Clitteridectomy is still used by the intersea people to see them «Real girl». For example, in this video, Dove Pagonis tells how he discovered the clitoris and did not get it, and then saw the medical records of the hospital and felt that he had removed the clitoris — The first is very big, and then as a potential site for the development of a cancer, although it is not clinically confirmed for the intersea people.

18. In an interview Atheist Anthropologist Bettina Shell-Duncan (Betina) The shell-Duncan discusses why some girls voluntarily go to circumcision He researched among nomadic tribes in Kenya. They circumcise for girls as part of the wedding ceremony. Men and women are considered androgynous before circumcision, and only circumcision — Expulsion «Male» Parts of genitalia — A woman actually makes one hundred percent women. Since circumcision — Part of the world view, it is difficult not to circumcise adults and girls in those areas, where it is done by everyone.

19. Women go to circumcise their daughters, because they are sure that it is necessary for cleanliness and hygiene. Representative UNICEF Consider that an important reason for preserving ZHO practices — Lack of information, ignorance For example, some women asked anthropologist Bettina Shele-Duncan during the practice of her field, how she could produce a child if she did not have circumcision. Women are told by medical staff that their problems with circumcision are very shocking.

20 facts about female circumcision

Do people, men and women circumcise their daughters? The answer to this question is not as clear as it seems. It is enough to say that it is not just religion. We provide you about 20 facts about female circumcision (ZHO).

1. WHO identifies 4 types of injuries associated with female genital organs, ranking them according to the quantity of violence against the removed material and one woman. Type I — The clitoris are removed [with or without hood]; Type II — Internal lipes are removed [in such variations, external lips and / or clitoris can also be removed]; Type III (inflection) — The outer parts of the female genitalia are removed, and the wound is allowed to heal for several weeks, during which the girl binds her legs and lies. Consequently, there is only a small opening for urination and menstruation instead of external genital organs; Type iv — Any other processes which have no medical purpose, such as: contraction of the clitoris, curvature and piercing of genital organs, the introduction of special substances to contract the vagina, the spread of the labia.

2. Female circumcision — It is painful and potentially dangerous. After this urine may be a problem, because the urinary tract can be affected during the process of circumcision..

3. After ZHO, if you do not take action then you can die of deficiency of blood. Such cases are not so rare, but they are often not fixed, as parents believe that it was bad souls that took away the child (if it happens in Africa). But in a rare case when parents took the child to the hospital: On July 20, 2018, a 10-year-old girl, Dick Dehor Noor, died in Somalia, after a woman’s circumcision died of lack of blood.

4. After transition, a woman may have fertility problems. After cutting, scarf and subsequent treatment, the birth canal is made narrow and less elastic. These women are still more likely to have children..

5. Infection — Frequent fellow spouse: The latter is often done by a professional doctor, but not by a special woman such as a healer or a magician, by the methods of artisan. As a result, medical devices are not used, but scissors, dangerous razors, broken glass or tin can be covered. When they are used on many «The patients», It contributes to transmission of infection. Although the study of the treatment of female circumcision in Africa (the trend of professional medical experts to process the clinic), UNICEF In 2016, it was found that Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia, New Guinea, Sudan and Egypt, Kittoridectomy and other forms of circumcision are performed rapidly by medical personnel..

6. Poor women are more likely to suffer from depression and PTSD..

7. Meta-analysis of 15 studies, covering 12,671 women in 2013, shows that such women are likely to report twice that they do not feel sexually attracted, and during sexual intercourse 52% More painful sensations experience.

8. With the type of circumcision III (infiltration, entrance of the vagina is overthrown), often for the first sexual penetration, the man has to either be forced to tear the tissue raised with his penis, or To help you have to resort to. «a specialist», Who bites them with a special knife.

9. Scientists believe that the citizens had started doing during the Maroit Civilization (800)—350 years BC Although historians and explorers of the ancient Egyptian grave texts of Mary Knight suggest that down the 1991 hieroglyphs—1786. BC can indicate that there is an uncontrolled girl in the grave.

Hieroglyphs that can represent an unsafe girl.

10. The first mention of female circumcision is found in the notes of Greek geographer Strabo, which describes the visit of almost Egypt in the year 25 BC. In their encyclopedia «Geographica» He writes: «One of the most viewed rituals among the Egyptians is the most enthusiastic, next. After a child is born, if it is a boy, then they circumcise it, and if it is a girl, then the clit is cut off».

11. In the 19th century, girls were given Clitoridectomy by Victorian England. We know it from the book of Isaac Baker Brown. His work was published in March 1866. «Regarding the curvature of certain types of dementia, epilepsy, cataplite and hysteria.». In this, Brown suggested that all women referred to in the title can be cured by removing the clitoris.. «All people without any prejudice should adopt such a practice.», — He has written in his book. Where did he get it? They saw epileptic patients and saw that they all masturbate. Thus, he came to the conclusion that these two events are related.

12. British colonial administration began to oppose women’s circumcision. Protestant missionaries in East Africa (now the area of ​​Kenya) started a campaign against Zoe at the beginning of the 20th century. — Among the people of Kiku Those who refused to practice were considered more faithful wards.

13. Words «infibulation», By referring to an operation, resulting in the possibility of intercourse, the Latin word comes from the fibula (brooch, brooch). And basically it was about men’s technique prevailed in ancient Rome — They used to pin themselves with a special fastener, a brooch (ancient Greek analog was called kinosom) — With different goals: it can contribute to restraint, besides — Athletes and singers often performed naked, and the performance of the open head of the pen was considered inauspicious. Then the word «infibulation» Found another meaning — Stitching of vagina in women (or spraying for the purpose of subsequent hypertrophy).

14. On December 21, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly took a resolution from all countries to prohibit women’s circumcision, this is an irreparable loss. The resolution does not define any legal obligations, but asks the United Nations 193 countries to take all necessary measures, including adopting laws that restrict women’s circumcision and protecting women and children from violence..

15. Sweden was the first country to ban women’s circumcision. — In 1982.

16. Despite the fact that according to 2016, clitoredectomy is prohibited in many countries UNICEF, 200 million women were circumcised in the world. They were mainly originated from African countries, Indonesia, Iraqi Kurdistan and Yemen, as well as immigrant communities of conditional countries. «West».

17. Clitteridectomy is still used by the intersea people to see them «Real girl». For example, in this video, Dove Pagonis tells how he discovered the clitoris and did not get it, and then saw the medical records of the hospital and felt that he had removed the clitoris — The first is very big, and then as a potential site for the development of a cancer, although it is not clinically confirmed for the intersea people.

18. In an interview Atheist Anthropologist Bettina Shell-Duncan (Betina) The shell-Duncan discusses why some girls voluntarily go to circumcision He researched among nomadic tribes in Kenya. They circumcise for girls as part of the wedding ceremony. Men and women are considered androgynous before circumcision, and only circumcision — Expulsion «Male» Parts of genitalia — A woman actually makes one hundred percent women. Since circumcision — Part of the world view, it is difficult not to circumcise adults and girls in those areas, where it is done by everyone.

19. Women go to circumcise their daughters, because they are sure that it is necessary for cleanliness and hygiene. Representative UNICEF Consider that an important reason for preserving ZHO practices — Lack of information, ignorance For example, some women asked anthropologist Bettina Shele-Duncan during the practice of her field, how she could produce a child if she did not have circumcision. Women are told by medical staff that their problems with circumcision are very shocking.

20. UK woman holds statistics on circumcision, which can be found here. By 2018, there are 137,000 women and girls through the process in England and Wales. Since July 2013, more than 1,500 calls have been made to the women’s circumcision hotline, and as a result of one of them the police intervened..

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